There are many factors that can lead to a car accident. In many situations, a driver may do something negligent, such as failing to observe a stop sign or speeding, which can cause a collision. However, despite the fact that many accidents are attributed to those involved, it is important to remember that vehicles themselves can have issues, either in design or in manufacture, which can also cause accidents.
To combat these types of issues, Congress granted the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration -- a division of the Department of Transportation -- the authority to require recalls for vehicles. There are two main things that can lead to recalls. First, there may be a defect in a vehicle or related equipment that can cause a safety hazard. Second, a vehicle or related equipment may not meet the minimum standards set forth by the federal government.